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Socio-Economic and Environmental Characteristics of the Central Interoceanic Hub

By Federico Mazzella ,
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A new publication forms part of INTAL in its role as the Technical Secretariat of the COSIPLAN/IIRSA’s work on the importance of infrastructure for the development of South America’s Central Interoceanic Hub.

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The Central Interoceanic Hub includes territory from five South American countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, and Chile. Its area of influence spans 2,642,262 km2, which represents 14.8% of the surface area of the continent of South America. It is inhabited by 100,150,032 people, 24.7% of the population of South America.

This report (link in Spanish) was created within the framework of the work carried out by UNASUR’s South American Infrastructure and Planning Council (COSIPLAN). The document includes eight areas of analysis: area of influence, demographics, infrastructure, the economy, social aspects, environmental aspects, indigenous communities, and natural or physical hazards, thus providing a comprehensive view of the characteristics of this hub and the challenges and opportunities ahead of it in terms of integration.

The infrastructure chapter includes an overview in the form of figures and reference maps for road, rail, port, airport, waterway, and energy-related infrastructure. The study in question is a valuable resource for understanding the different aspects of physical integration in this part of South America and the potential that these have.

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