Recent publications selected by our library that provide more information on the issues covered in this INTAL Connection.
Summary: INTAL/IDB has brought together more than 40 experts from around the world to analyze the future of work in Latin America in the light of automation and integration 4.0. Through research articles, exclusive interviews, and case studies, they respond to the main questions that the Fourth Industrial Revolution is posing in the region.
Summary: The Institute for the Integration of Latin America and the Caribbean (INTAL), part of the Integration and Trade Sector (INT) at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), has published a study entitled “Millennial Beats: Generation Y in the Age of Integration 4.0” as part of its Integrology platform, which looks at the future of work and regional integration in the age of robots, seeks to generate advanced knowledge, and provides resources and tools to help better understand how automation will impact production and trade. Based on a quanti/qualitative research project, it explores how young Argentinians view education and the international context, and their consumer habits, expectations, and employment situations, as this is the generation that will be most affected—be it positively or negatively—by the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the short- and medium-term. More than any other generation, they need to be prepared for the changes ahead: they were born into the digital age and their transition into adulthood has coincided with the rise of robotization, 3D and 4D printing, artificial intelligence, and hyperconnectivity. The results of this study indicate that Argentinian millennials are largely cautious about the transformations that have come with Revolution 4.0, with the exception of a group of young people from the most privileged socioeconomic sectors who live in the City of Buenos Aires and are mostly younger males.
Summary: Left to their own devices, both the debt and capital markets tend to produce suboptimal financing for both SMEs and new companies, which has a negative impact on job creation and productivity and thus on economic growth. This report analyzes the shortfalls in supply, demand, and institutional issues which together determine whether or not there are barriers to financing these firms around the world, regardless of the economic statuses of the countries included, how developed their financial systems are, and even their business culture. It also analyzes different funding sources and financial intermediaries and their role in the different stages of the business lifecycle. After comparing the scale of financial restrictions in Latin America with that of other regions, the report analyzes Latin American public policies in the light of best international practices.
Summary: During the last quarter of 2016, the ILO’s Regional Office carried out a face-to-face survey of young people between 18 and 29 years of age in three cities in Peru. During the same period, it implemented an online survey of 1544 young people of between 15 and 29 years of age in 26 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The aim of the two surveys was to gather information on the opinions and insights of young Latin Americans Caribbeans regarding their employment future and their prospects toward 2030. This publication is a first look at how young Latin Americans feel about the future of work and the expectations that they have, based on the results of these surveys.
Summary: This document analyzes five strategic actions for deepening Central American economic integration. It considers areas such as the harmonization of requirements, the free movement of goods, and the harmonization of regional legislation. These actions are: a) deepening recognition processes for sanitary records; b) strengthening the Central American Sanitary and Phytosanitary Guidelines; c) analyzing regulations that apply to trade in goods produced under the Special Customs Regimes; d) expanding the percentage of harmonization of the Central American Rules of Origin in the light of the rules of origin that have been negotiated in the different free trade agreements that countries in the region are party to; and e) reducing the number of unharmonized headings in the Central American Import Tariff in the light of the tariff elimination programs included in the region’s main free trade agreements.