Participatory processes are starting to be used during the early stages of project planning for integration infrastructure, so as to respond to sectoral, economic, social, and environmental issues.

Since 2000, the governments of South America have been making major efforts around cooperation and dialogue to increase the region’s physical connectivity and make it more sustainable. The aim of the work carried out by the Initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructure in South America (IIRSA) in its first ten years of operations and by the UNASUR’s South American Infrastructure and Planning Council (COSIPLAN) from 2011 onward has been to plan infrastructure projects as a key component in regional development.