This hub includes areas of land in three South American countries: Peru, Brazil, and Bolivia. Its area of influence spans 1,159,504 sq km, which represents 6.5% of the surface area of South America. It is inhabited by 12,730,732 people, 3.1% of the continent’s population.
This report (link in Spanish) was drafted by UNASUR’s South American Infrastructure and Planning Council (COSIPLAN). The document includes eight factors for analysis: Area of Influence, Demographics, Infrastructure, Economy, Social Aspects, Environmental Aspects, Indigenous Communities, and Physical or Natural Hazards, thus providing a comprehensive vision of the characteristics of the hub and the challenges and the opportunities for integration ahead of it.
The infrastructure chapter gives an overview of the road, rail, port, airport, and waterway infrastructure, and that of related areas such as energy generation, through numbers and maps.